What Makes Springs Fail?

Springs are made to be quite practical and sturdy components. However, if placed under the wrong conditions or not properly cared for, they can fail and cause your entire device to malfunction. There are different conditions and situations that can cause this, and it is important to be aware of them in order to prevent a dangerous or disastrous malfunction.

common material type humidity resistance

Excessive load.

It is very important that you always consider what the max. load for your spring is, and stay within the recommended load. Placing an excessively heavy load is one of the most common reasons why springs fail, because each spring has a limited range and weight it can support. Make sure you verify what your spring’s max. load is and respect it.


The environment surrounding the spring is also a very important factor. The humidity, location and temperature around the spring play a role in the spring’s life span. Stainless steel can withstand certain humidity and exposure to water but music wire cannot. Placing a music wire spring in a corrosive environment will damage the spring and cause it to fail. Besides that, music wire will only withstand a maximum temperature of 250ºF while other material types may withstand higher temperatures. Ensure that you buy the right material type for the type of environment that you spring will be placed in. For more information on material types selection click here.

incorrect spring placement

Excessive friction.

Springs can be incredibly sturdy and reliable. However, if overworked, they can also fail. Placing a spring into a tube or into a rod without enough space can create constant friction between metals that can damage the spring. In many cases, lubrication helps but the spacing between metals is also important. Make sure that the dimensions of your spring are adequate for the space it will be placed in.

Incorrect placement.

Once you have the right spring made of the correct material and have secured the proper spacing, make sure that the spring is placed correctly. Secure the spring into the rod or space where it will go. Ensure that it is adequately adjusted into the space and check to make sure it isn’t lose or buckling. Failure to properly place the spring can cause it to fail, and it may become a liability.

Selecting the right spring and taking the proper action steps will allow your spring to have a longer life span, and will ensure that your device stays in optimal working conditions. To start designing the right spring click here.

For assistance in ordering the right custom spring call us today at: (951) 276-2777. Place your order today and ask for your free gift!